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French bulldogs being fed

From Wolves to Veggies: The Evolution of Feeding Dogs a Plant-Based Diet

For centuries, dogs have been regarded as carnivorous creatures, reliant on a meat-based diet to thrive. However, in recent years, an alternative approach has gained popularity: feeding dogs a plant-based diet. This shift has sparked debates and raised questions about the nutritional needs of our furry companions. In this article, we will explore the history of feeding dogs a plant-based diet, from its origins to its growing acceptance in modern times.

Ancient Beginnings

The domestication of dogs dates back thousands of years to the time when humans transitioned from nomadic hunting and gathering to settled agricultural communities. Early canids, the ancestors of modern-day dogs, were scavengers who adapted to the food sources available to them. As humans began cultivating crops, dogs naturally incorporated plant materials into their diets.

Plant-Based Diets in Ancient Civilizations

Throughout history, various civilizations incorporated plant-based elements into their dogs' diets. Ancient Egyptians, for instance, fed their dogs a mixture of bread, vegetables, and bones. In ancient Rome, dogs were often fed a diet consisting of wheat, barley, vegetables, and occasionally, fish.

The Rise of Commercial Dog Food

The 19th century saw the emergence of commercial dog food, which primarily consisted of meat. This coincided with scientific advancements in understanding the nutritional requirements of dogs. These developments solidified the notion that dogs were obligate carnivores, requiring meat for optimal health.

Plant-Based Diets Gain Traction

The idea of feeding dogs a plant-based diet gained traction in the 20th century, driven by a combination of ethical, environmental, and health considerations. Some proponents argued that a plant-based diet could reduce the need for animal farming, thus benefiting animal welfare and mitigating the environmental impact of meat production.

Formulating Balanced Plant-Based Diets

The key challenge in feeding dogs a plant-based diet lies in ensuring that all their nutritional needs are met. Dogs, like humans, require specific nutrients such as protein, essential amino acids, fatty acids, vitamins, and minerals to maintain good health. Early attempts at plant-based diets often lacked the necessary balance, leading to deficiencies and health issues.

Modern Science and the Vegan Dog

In recent decades, advances in scientific research and nutritional knowledge have played a crucial role in the development of balanced plant-based diets for dogs. These diets typically include plant-based protein sources such as legumes, lentils, and quinoa, supplemented with essential nutrients that may be lacking in plant-based ingredients, such as vitamin B12 and taurine.

The Controversy and Ongoing Debate

The concept of feeding dogs a plant-based diet remains controversial, with critics arguing that dogs are biologically adapted to consume meat. Skeptics raise concerns about potential nutrient deficiencies, digestive issues, and the risk of adverse health effects. However, proponents of plant-based diets for dogs assert that with careful formulation and proper monitoring, dogs can thrive on nutritionally balanced plant-based diets.


Feeding dogs a plant-based diet represents a departure from traditional notions of canine nutrition. While the concept has roots in ancient civilizations, it has gained momentum in recent years due to ethical, environmental, and health considerations. As our understanding of canine nutrition continues to evolve, so too does the debate surrounding plant-based diets for dogs. Ultimately, the decision of whether to feed dogs a plant-based diet rests with individual pet owners, who should prioritize their pets' health and well-being above all else. Vegetarian and vegan dog food can indeed provide all the nutrients your pooch will need, but if you are concerned in any way, please seek the advice of a veterinarian to put your mind at ease.

At Superfood Market we have a range of nutritionally complete dog foods that will give your pup everything the need to thrive on a plant based diet. Choose from brands Benevo, Yarrah, V Dog and more!